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Project Abstract: One Health

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  • Project Abstract: One Health

PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF ONE HEALTH PRINCIPLES IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD: THE ROLE OF VETERINARY MEDICINE IN SIERRA LEONE.  T. Strickler1, J. Zientek1, A. Sesay2, R. Suluku2 and F. Silveira11Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, The Ohio State University, USA.   2Animal Science Department, Njala University, Sierra Leone.

Sierra Leone embodies a critical need for implementation of the One Health concept. Factors such as the exceptional thinness of the human-animal interface and the integral importance of animal agriculture necessitate continued attention to the intersections of human and animal health.  Livestock and other domestic animals in Sierra Leone represent incredible potential as a much-needed source of protein, and yet zoonotic diseases that may originate from livestock comprise major public health risks.  In addition, animal diseases that affect productivity are major detriments to the livelihood of humans in the region.

Our research team collaborated on several projects with Njala University Animal Sciences Department, aiming to improve livestock production and reduce animal-related public health risks.  Goats are very important livestock as sources of meat and milk in arid and semi-arid regions of the world.  As part of the Dual-Purpose Goat Development Project, we performed a timed artificial insemination protocol on a cohort of 17 West African Dwarf goats with frozen-thawed dairy goat semen, specifically Toggenburg and Nubian, which was imported from the United States.  Pregnancy and birth rates from this project are pending.  In collaboration with Njala University Animal Health Club, we also endeavored on an outreach campaign to provide clinical veterinary services and disease surveillance, evaluation of animal husbandry methods, and education.

Key words:  artificial insemination, West African dwarf goat, outreach in veterinary medicine, capacity building, agricultural development, One Health, zoonotic disease